Battle of Hedgeley Moor, Northumberland. The Yorkist forces were led by John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu (brother of Richard Neville ‘The Kingmaker’), the Lancastrians by the Duke of Somerset, supported by Sir Ralph Percy, Lords Roos and Hungerford, and Sir Ralph Grey. The Lancastrian force soon gave way and fled, except for Sir Ralph Percy, who died in the battle.
Tags: Battles, Northumberland
Wedding of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou
Tags: Henry VI, Margaret of Anjou
Birth of Queen Isabella I of Castile, the mother of Katherine of Aragon, Henry VIII’s first wife.
Isabella married on 19 October 1469 Ferdinand of Aragon. During Isabella’s reign the last Moorish kingdom in Spain, Granada, fell on 2 January 1492, ending centuries of peaceful religious co-existence between Muslims, Christians and Jews. In the same year, on 12 October 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered America.
Isabella died on 26 November 1504.
Birth of Elizabeth of York, sixth child and third daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville, in Rouen, Normandy. Married before February 1458 to John de la Pole, eldest son of William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, and Alice Chaucer. Her eldest son John de la Pole, 1st Earl of Lincoln, was considered heir to the throne of Richard III after the death of Edward of Middleham.
Death of Henry VII (Tudor) at Richmond Palace. Buried in Westminster Abbey.
Tags: Henry Tudor
Geoffrey Chaucer tells the Canterbury Tales for the first time at the court of Richard II.
Birth of a short-lived child to George, duke of Clarence, and his wife, Isabel Neville, on a ship off Calais. Some sources say that it was a boy, others that it was a girl named Anne. This was their first child.
Tags: George of Clarence, Isabell Neville
Birth of Leonardo da Vinci in Vinci near Florence. Famous as a painter and inventor, scientist and lots more.
He was a contemporary of Richard III, being just six months older. He died on 2 May 1519.
Tags: Art, Italy
Battle of Barnet, Hertfordshire, defeat of Warwick and his brother Montagu, who both fell in the battle. Richard is said to have been in command of the vanguard.
Read more about a possible different location for the battle here.
Tags: Barnet, Battles, Edward IV, Hertfordshire, Richard III
Final deposition of Henry VI in favour of Edward IV
Tags: Edward IV, Henry VI