28
Jan

Birth of Henry Tudor

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis   in Events in History

Birth of Henry Tudor

Henry Tudor (portrait at National Portrait Gallery, London)

Birth of Henry Tudor

On 28 January 1457, Henry Tudor was born at Pembroke Castle in Wales, the son of Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond, and Margaret Beaufort.  Edmund Tudor was the son of Owen Tudor and Henry V’s widow Catherine of Valois.  Margaret Beaufort, was a great-granddaughter of John of Gaunt (third son of Edward III) and his third wife and previous mistress Katherine Swynford.   The children of this relationship, the Beauforts, were disinherited by Letters Patent of King Henry IV from any claim to the throne. After defeating Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth on 22 August 1485, he took the throne as Henry VII.

Read the History Today article on ‘The Birth of Henry Tudor”.

Tags: ,

28
Jan

Death of Charlemagne

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis   in Events in History

Death of Charlemagne

15th century picture of Charlemagne

Death of Charlemagne – the end of the first and most powerful Holy Roman Emperor

Charlemagne (Karolus Magnus, Karl der Große) died on 28 January 814 at Aachen.  He is buried in Aachen Cathedral.

Karl, from the Carolingian family,  was born on 2 April, either in 747 or 748.  Nor do we know where he was born.  Aachen and Liège are possible, but other towns have also been suggested.  His parents were Pepin the Short and Bertrada of Laon (history has given her the rather unflattering nickname ‘Bertrada Boadfoot’).

After Pepin’s death on 24 September 768, the realm was divided between his two sons, Karl and Karlmann (Carlman).  The relationship between the two kings did not go smoothly.  Then Karlmann suddenly died on 4 December 771 of natural causes.  Karl seized the whole realm, which he extended during a number of wars.

On 25 December 800, he was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III in Saint Peter’s Basilika in Rome. This was the beginning of the Holy Roman Empire, which lasted until 1806.

Traditionally the story went that the Pope unexpectedly put the crown on Karl’s head, while he was praying.  However, modern research has shown that this romantic version is highly unlikely.  As the position of the Pope was fairly weak, it was probably Karl himself who sought the honour.

Under Karl, the Carolingian Empire was at its largest and most powerful position (the extent is shown on this map on Wikimedia Commons).

After his death, Karl was buried in Aachen Cathedral.  He was succeeded by his only surviving son Ludwig (Louis).

More information on Charlemagne from Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Other articles of interest:

Peter Munz, ‘The Imperial Coronation of Charlemagne’, History Today, Volume 9, Issue 7, 1959.  URL:  http://www.historytoday.com/peter-munz/imperial-coronation-charlemagne  [accessed 3 October 2010]

Kim Rendfeld, ‘Bertrada: Queen Mother and Diplomat’, Kim Rendfeld – Outtakes from a Historical Novelist (21 May 2013).  URL:  http://kimrendfeld.wordpress.com/2013/05/21/bertrada-queen-mother-and-diplomat/  [accessed 22 May 2013]

Tags: ,

26
Jan

Death of Eadgyth

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis   in Events in History

Death of Eadgyth

Sculpture of Eadgyth and Otto I in Magdeburg Cathedral (© Chris 73 Talk)

Death of Eadgyth

Eadgyth, queen of the East Franks and wife of Otto I, died on 26 January 946.  She was buried at Magdeburg Cathedral, and as has been established in 2010, her remains are still there.

Eadgyth was a daughter of Edward the Elder (870s?–924), king of the Anglo-Saxons, and his second wife, Ælfflæd.  She was a half-sister of Æthelstan, king of England (893/4–939) and Edmund, king of England (920/21–946.

She was born in Wessex, probably around 910, confirmed by tests, which indicated a date between 906 and 916.  She married Otto in either 829 or 930, the eldest son of Henry I (d.936), one of four sisters who were married to the European nobility.

In late 2008 a lead coffin was found in Magdeburg Cathedral with an inscription of 1510 declaring that it contained her retrieved bones.  Anthropological  and other examinations, published in January 2013, showed that this attribution is most likely correct.

References:  Pauline Stafford, ‘Eadgyth (c.911–946)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2011.  (online accessed:  4 January 2013)

‘Presseinformation:  Identität Königin Edithas bestätigt’, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel (16 June 2010).  URL:  http://www.uni-kiel.de/aktuell/pm/2010/2010-103-archaeologie-editha.shtml  Date accessed:  5 Jan 2013


Tags: , ,

25
Jan

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis   in Events in History

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

Ruins of Sopwell Nunnery, St Albans (© D Preis)

Marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn

On 25 January 1533, Henry VIII married Anne Boleyn in secret, possibly at Sopwell Nunnery in St Albans. This is suggested among others on the blog The Tangible Past.

Henry was very much attracted by Anne’s charm and wit.  To be able to marry her, Henry wanted to divorce his first wife Katherine of Aragon, to whom he had been married for 24 years.  This meant he also had to break with the Church of Rome, who did not accept his reasons for a divorce.  Their marriage was only annulled on 23 May 1533, when Thomas Cranmer declared it null and void.  On 28 May 1533 he declared the marriage of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn valid.

However, as Anne did not produce the looked-for male heir, after approx. 1000 days of marriage, Henry ordered Anne’s execution.

You might find Suzannah Lipscomb‘s article on this marriage of interest.

 

Tags: ,

24
Jan

Marriage of Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis   in Events in History

Marriage of Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

Effigies of Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

Marriage of Edward III and Philippa of Hainault

On 24 January 1328, Edward III married Philippa of Hainault at York Minster.  Their marriage lasted 40 years until Philippa died in 1369.  They had twelve children and through them were the ancestors of both the House of York and the House of Lancaster as well as the Tudor line.

Find out more about this marriage from Anne O’Brien’s blog ‘Royal newly-weds 14th century style‘.

Tags:

23
Jan

Meeting of Richard’s only Parliament

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis   in Events in History

Meeting of Richard's only Parliament

Westminster Hall in the early 19th century

Meeting of Richard’s only Parliament

The meeting of Richard III’s only parliament at Westminster in the presence of the King began on 23 January 1484.  It had been summoned on 9 December 1483 and would be dissolved on 20 February 1484.

Attending were 37 Lords and 10 Judges (including the Attorney General) as well as 296 members of the Commons. It was opened by a speech from Chancellor Russel.  This parliament ratified Richard’s title by Titulus Regius.  The rebels from the October 1483 rebellion were attainted.

Of interest are the 15 public statutes of this parliament, which included ending benevolences, protecting land purchase rights, reforming the justice system, preventing commercial dishonesty in the cloth trade, protecting English merchants, and preventing fraudulent collection practices.  However, while trying to limit the activities of foreign merchants in England, the statutes included a proviso, exempting all merchants and craftsmen concerned in the book trade from the scope of the Act.

Richard’s Chancellor of the Exchequer, William Catesby was chosen to be the speaker of the Commons; and the receiver of petitions was Thomas Barowe, who had been in Richard’s service since at least 1471, who was also Master of the Rolls.

References:

Christopher Puplick, ‘He Contents the People Wherever He Goes:  Richard III, his parliament and government’The Chronicles of the White Rose:  Journal of the New South Wales Branch of the Richard III Society, Vol.2 (2008/09), pp.14-32

Anne Sutton, ‘Richards III’s Parliament’, Richard III Society.  URL:  http://www.richardiii.net/2_3_0_riii_leadership.php#parliament Date accessed:  14 May 2013

Susan L. Troxell, ‘The Tenth Coin: Richard III’s Parliament and Public Statutes’, Ricardian Register, Vol.44, No.4 (December 2013), pp.8-16

D. Woodger, ‘The Statutes of Richard III’s Parliament’, The Richard III Society of Canada (September 1997).  URL:  http://home.cogeco.ca/~richardiii/  Date accessed:  17 Nov. 2011 (under ‘Newsletters and Papers’)

Tags: ,

18
Jan

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis   in Events in History

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York

Henry VII (portrait at National Portrait Gallery, London)

Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York

On 18 January 1486, Henry VII  (Tudor) married Elizabeth of York, eldest daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville.  It seems Henry needed to be urged by Parliament to make good his promise to marry Elizabeth, before actually doing so.  Plans for Elizabeth’s coronation were only made in September 1487 and she was finally crowned on 25 November 1487, more than a year after giving birth to their first son, Arthur.

Elizabeth died on 11 February 1503 at Richmond Palace.  Henry died six years later, on 21 April 1509, also at Richmond Palace.  They are buried next to each other in Westminster Abbey.

Reference:  Rosemary Horrox, ‘Elizabeth (1466–1503)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.  (online accessed: 27 January 2011)

Tags: , , ,

15
Jan

Marriage of Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis   in Events in History

Marriage of Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray

Marriage of Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray, by James Northcote

Marriage of Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray

On 15 January 1478, Edward IV’s younger son Richard of Shrewsbury was married to Anne Mowbray, the only child of John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk (died 17 January 1476) and Elizabeth Talbot (sister of Eleanor Talbot).  The wedding took place in St. Stephen’s Chapel, Westminster.  The bride was 5 years old, the groom 4.  She died on 19 November 1481. Her heirs would normally have been her cousins William, Viscount Berkeley, and John, Lord Howard, but by an act of Parliament in January 1483 the rights were given to her husband Richard, with reversion to his descendants, and, failing that, to the descendants of his father Edward IV.

Tags: , ,

14
Jan

Death of Anne of York

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis   in Events in History

Death of Anne of York

Anne of York and Thomas St Leger (Brass at St George’s Chapel, Windsor)

Death of Anne of York

On 14 January 1476, Anne of York, duchess of Exeter, died soon after childbirth .  She was born on 10 August 1439, the second child and eldest surviving daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville, and a sister of Edward IV and Richard III.

She was first married to Henry Holland, 2nd duke of Exeter, in January 1446, they were divorced on 12 November 1472.

She later married Thomas St Leger and they had a daughter, also Anne. Michael Ibsen, whose DNA was used to determine whether the remains found in Leicester in 2012 were those of Richard III, is descended in an all-female-line from this daughter Anne.

Reference:  Michael Hicks, ‘Holland, Henry, second duke of Exeter (1430–1475)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.  (accessed online:  27 December 2014)

Tags:

8
Jan

Historical Novel Society Australasia Inaugural Conference

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis   in Uncategorized

An Invitation to the Historical Novel Society Australasia Inaugural Conference

We received the following invitation from the Historical Novel Society Australasia to their inaugural conference which will take place in Sydney in March 2015.  I am sure that this fascinating event will be of interest to many of our members and friends.

Historical Novel Society Australasia Inaugural Conference

HNSA Logo

The Historical Novel Society Australasia (HNSA) will hold its inaugural conference at Balmain Town Hall on the 21-22 of March 2015 with its opening reception held at the State Library of NSW on the 20th. Entitled ‘The Historical Novel in Peace and War’, the conference will celebrate the historical fiction genre in a weekend of talks, panels, debates, book launches and readings with super sessions on social media, researching and writing historical fiction as well as manuscript assessments. The weekend conference will showcase 40 speakers and is peppered with international authors such as Kate Forsyth (our patron), Felicity Pulman, Jesse Blackadder, Isolde Martyn, Juliet Marillier, Sulari Gentill, Sophie Masson, Toni Jordan and Colin Falconer.

HNSA is offering members and friends of the NSW Branch of the Richard III Society a special conference deal. The price of a Whole Conference ticket (normally priced at $250) will be reduced by 10% to $225. This ticket entitles the holders to attend all the sessions in the main program. The ticket also includes morning and afternoon tea, and a lunch voucher redeemable at a fantastic local café. The offer does not include tickets to super sessions or social events. Apply the coupon code (see below), when purchasing a standard whole conference ticket.

In addition to the discount on the whole conference ticket, HNSA is offering a giveaway of Sherryl Clark’s Do You Dare-Jimmy’s War to the first 50 ticketholders to the conference dinner on Saturday 21st March. All ticketholders to the opening night reception at the State Library of NSW on Friday 20th March will receive a free ebook bundle of the Janna Chronicles by Felicity Pulman.

For more information, visit the conference website – www.hnsa.org.au

Members and friends of the NSW Branch of the Richard III Society please contact the Webmaster of the NSW Branch of the Richard III Society, Dorothea (publications”AT”richardiii-nsw.org.au), for the coupon code to claim the reduced rate.