Treaty of Picquigny between Louis XI of France and Edward IV, Edward IV and many of his nobles were paid a ‘pension’ to return to England and not to take up arms against France again in his claim to the French throne. Richard Duke of Gloucester (later Richard III) is said to have opposed the treaty and refused the pension.
Louis XI had suffered from a series of strokes that had left him partially paralysed since 1480 and a further stroke in August of 1483 was the final one. He died a few days later. Louis had two daughters and a son. Before his death, Louis had declared that Charles, his son, should be the next King of France but because Charles was in poor health and had been given a poor education Louis specified that Anne, his eldest daughter, should act a regent until Charles was able to rule unaided.
Richard III was buried in the choir of the church of the Grey Friars in Leicester. Polydore Vergil states that the burial was “without any pompe or solemn funeral”. This is often – mistakenly – seen to indicate that there were no religious rites. However, as John Ashdown-Hill explains, “solemnity” in the religious context refers to certain aspects of a service, which were not essential. It basically means that the service was a private ceremony by the friars, especially as a choir of their church would not have been open to the public.
To the day 527 years later, on 25 August 2012, on the first day of the archaeological dig in Leicester to find out where the church of the Grey Friars actually had been and hopefully to find Richard’s remains, parts of a human leg bone were unearthed. These wre later identified as being part of the remains of Richard III.
John Ashdown Hill, The Last Days of Richard III. The History Press, 2010, pp.91-96
Mathew Morris & Richard Buckley, Richard III: The King under the Car Park. University of Leicester Archaeological Services, 2013, pp.22 + 36-45
Mike Pitts, Digging for Richard: How Archaeology Found the King. Thames & Hudson, 2014, pp.99-105
Execution of William Catesby by Henry Tudor. Catesby was Chancellor of the Exchequer under Richard III and Speaker of the House of Commons of the Parliament of 1484. He fought for Richard at the Battle of Bosworth and was one of very few men of note who were executed afterwards. It has been suggested that he expected a different treatment from the Stanleys because in his will he asks them “to pray for my soul as ye have not for my body, as I trusted in you.”
Source: ODNB on Edward, prince of Wales
Tags: Richard III
King of England
and those who fell at Bosworth Field
having kept faith.
22 August 1485
Loyaulte me lie.
(Text: Richard III memorial plaque in the Church of St James, Sutton Cheney
Illustration on the left: King Richard III, © Andrew Jamieson, http://www.jamiesongallery.com/
On the right: The Church of St James, Sutton Cheney, where the Richard III Society commemorates King Richard III in its annual memorial service in August. It is said that Richard III heard his last Mass at this church.)
‘Richard III: The Burial of the King’ on SBS!
Thank you to our friends of the Canadian Branch of the Richard III Society!
This documentary, hosted by Jon Snow, shows the Reburial Service, in which Richard III was laid to rest in Leicester Cathedral on 26 March this year. I was lucky enough to watch the service live on TV in the UK, in the company of other members of the NSW branch.
This is a programme not to be missed by anyone interested in this king. And a ‘Thank you’ too to Ben Pobjie of the Sydney Morning Herald, for giving Richard III a more balanced write-up than what is frequently found in the media.
A century earlier the Moroccan traveler Ibn Battuta had described Malaga as “one of the largest and most beautiful towns of Andalusia [uniting] the conveniences of both sea and land, and is abundantly supplied with foodstuffs and fruits” [quoted in Wikipedia ‘Malaga’].
(Photograph of the Patio de los Naranjos in the Alcazaba, Malaga, by D Preis)