John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) is issued with letters patent by Henry VII to explore unknown lands.
Tags: Henry Tudor
Investiture of Edward, Earl of March (eldest son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville) as King Edward IV of England. Edward seized the crown on three counts: descent from Edward III through the male line, descent from Edward III through the female line and the nomination of the childless Richard II’s of his Mortimer cousins as his heirs.
Tags: Edward IV
Elizabeth Woodville and her daughters leave sanctuary at Westminster Abbey and are reconciled with Richard III.
Tags: Elizabeth of York, Elizabeth Woodville, Richard III
Birth of Eleanor Talbot, daughter of John Talbot, 1st earl of Shrewsbury, and Margaret Beauchamp at Blakemere, Shropshire. She is said to have entered probably some time after March 1461 into a clandestine marriage with Edward IV, which made his subsequent, also clandestine, marriage to Elizabeth Woodville bigamous.
More on Eleanor:
John Ashdown-Hill, Eleanor – The Secret Queen, The History Press. ISBN 978-0752448664
Tags: Edward IV, Eleanor Talbot, Elizabeth Woodville
Geoffrey of Monmouth elected to the see of St Asaph in Wales. It is assumed he was born between 1100 and 1110, and to have died between 25 December 1154 and 24 December 1155.
He is mainly known as a writer of the Historia Regum Britanniae (The history of the kings of Britain), which includes stories of Arthur, Merlin and kings Leir and Coel.
Geoffrey will always remind me of my classes in medieval Latin at university, where we studied his story of King Arthur. Though I had disliked Latin at school and only did the course because it was a prerequisite for graduation, here I discovered that studying a ‘dead’ language could actually be fun.
J. C. Crick, ‘Monmouth, Geoffrey of (d. 1154/5)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
Tags: Books, Church
Death of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, aged 56. He was the youngest son of Henry IV, brother of Henry V and Lord Protector to his young nephew Henry VI, who was only nine months when he succeeded his father. Humphrey is buried at St Albans Cathedral.
(Photograph of the Chantry of Humphrey of Gloucester in St Albans Cathedral © Dorothea Preis)
Tags: Hertfordshire, Humphrey of Gloucester, St Albans
The first branch meeting of the New Year was held on Saturday, 14 February 2015, at the Sydney Mechanics Institute on Pitt Street, with a very good turnout of members and visitors.
Welcoming remarks were offered by our Chairperson, Judith, followed by very brief remarks from the Treasurer, Secretary, and Sales Officer each reporting that all was well in their particular area of responsibility.
The Treasurer was happy to announce our branch will be giving gifts of $100 to St James Anglican Church, and $1000 to the Leicester Cathedral Charitable Trust to assist with the costs of the refurbishment in preparation for Richard III’s reinterment at Leicester Cathedral.
Our guest speaker was Mr Almis Simans who spoke about Alfred Wainwright’s classic “Coast to Coast” walk with specific reference to the areas around York and northern England that would be of particular interest to Ricardians. His interesting talk included video footage and illustrations of the topographical features that Richard and his entourage would have had to traverse when travelling between particular places.
After the presentation, the raffle was drawn and we adjourned for afternoon tea. There was ample time for chatting, and catching up, and it was a good start to another exciting year for Ricardians.
Leslie and Doug McCawley
Tags: Leicester, NSW Branch, Richard III, Yorkshire
Richard Duke of Gloucester (later Richard III) obtains permission to found and endow two collegiate chapels at St Mary and St Akelda’s Church, Middleham, and at St Mary’s Church, Barnard Castle.
The college at Middleham was to have six priests, the one at Barnard Castle twelve. The priests were to offer prayers for the souls of Richard himself, King Edward IV and his Queen Elizabeth, his brothers and sisters and his father, wife and son.
While the college at Barnard Castle never materialized due to Richard’s death at Bosworth, the college at Middleham was established and continued until 1856.
(Photograph of St Mary and St Alkelda, Middleham, by D Preis)
Tags: Church, Yorkshire
Execution of George, Duke of Clarence, brother of Edward IV and Richard III. He had been convicted of treason by Parliament. There is a rumour that he was drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine. He was buried at Tewkesbury Cathedral.
Elizabeth Ashworth, ‘George, Duke of Clarence’, Elizabeth Ashworth – author (18 Feb 2013). URL: http://elizabethashworth.com/2013/02/18/george-duke-of-clarence/ [accessed 6 Feb 2015]
Tags: George of Clarence
St Michael’s Bridge and ford (© D Preis)
Second Battle of St Albans – a Lancastrian victory
The second Battle of St Albans was fought on 17 February 1461 between the Lancastrian forces under Margaret of Anjou (Henry VI’s queen) and the Yorkist forces under Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick (‘The Kingmaker”). It was won by the Lancastrian forces. Henry VI was reunited with his wife and son. The Yorkists, however, won the Battle of Towton on 29 March 1461 and with it the crown for Edwrad IV.
The photo shows St Michael’s Bridge and ford. Part of the Lancastrian forces led by Sir Andrew Trollope entered St Albans via this ford. The present bridge was only built in 1765, but it is considered to be the oldest still existing bridge in Hertfordshire.
The second Battle of St Albans was fought over a larger area than the first Battle of St Albans on 22 May 1455, which was concentrated on the streets in the town centre.
The website St Albans & Hertfordshire Architectural and Archaeological Society has a map showing the area covered by both battles.
A short description of the various battles of the Wars of the Roses can be found on the website of the Richard III Society.
Tags: Hertfordshire, St Albans, Wars of the Roses, Yorkists