Birth of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor. His first wife was Mary, daughter of Charles the Bold of Burgundy and stepdaughter of Margaret of York. Maximilian was a strong supporter of “Perkin Warbeck” or Richard of York.
Rather than going to war, he sought to strengthen his country’s position by diplomatic marriages, which was summed up in the couplet:
Bella gerant alii, tu felix Austria nube.
Nam quae Mars aliis, dat tibi diva Venus.
(Let others wage war, but thou, O happy Austria, marry; for those kingdoms which Mars gives to others, Venus gives to thee.)
Birth of Cecily of York
Cecily of York
Birth of Cecily of York, third daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, at Westminster Palace on 20 March 1469.
Married (1) 1484 to Ralph Scrope of Upsall, union annulled in 1486, after accession of Henry VII.
Married (2) before New Year’s Day 1488 to John Welles, 1st Viscount Welles, half-brother of Henry VII’s mother Margaret Beaufort. They had two daughters, Elizabeth and Anne. Welles died on 9 February 1499.
Married (3) to Sir Thomas Kyme of Friskney (in Lincolnshire) in 1502 without Henry VII’s permission and she was banished from court and all her estates were confiscated, though some were returned later. It is not clear whether they had any children.
Cecily died on 24 August 1507 at Hatfield, Hertfordshire.
ODNB ‘Cecily, Viscountess Welles (1469–1507)’ (accessed online: 11 May 2011)
Susan Higginbotham, ‘The Queen’s Sister: Cecil, Viscountess Welles’, History Refreshed by Susan Higginbotham (1 September 2013). URL: http://www.susanhigginbotham.com/blog/posts/the-queens-sister-cecily-viscountess-welles/ Date accessed: 29 December 2014
Death of St Cuthbert at Inner Farne Island, off the coast of Northumberland. He is venerated at Durham Cathedral.
He must have had special relevance for Richard III, as the statutes for his college at Middleham, which it has been suggested Richard might have written himself, state that one of the stalls for the priests should be named for St Cuthbert. St Cuthbert’s was one of the principal feast days to be celebrated at Middleham.
Melhuish, Joyce M., The College of King Richard III, Middleham. Richard III Society (nd)
Rollason, David & Dobson, R.B., ‘Cuthbert [St Cuthbert] (c.635–687)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004. URL: http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/6976 Date accessed: 18 July 2011
Sutton, Anne F. & Visser Fuchs, Livia, The Hours of Richard III. Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd (first published 1990, paperback 1996)
Death of Richard III’s wife Anne Neville at Westminster, probably of tuberculosis. She was buried at Westminster Abbey, but the location of her grave is unknown. It is often said that Richard openly wept at her funeral, though the origin of this assumption is unclear. There is a plaque for her at Westminster Abbey donated by the Richard III Society. Unfortunately it does not get mentioned in the audio guide, so you have to look out for it.
The illustration on the left is from the in memoriam card which accompanied the wreath for Queen Anne’s tomb at Westminster in 2007. (© Richard III Society)
Edward IV and his brother Richard (later Richard III) arrive back in England on their return from exile in Burgundy, landing at Ravenspur.
Battle of Losecoat Field, at Tickencote Warren near Empingham, Rutland. The Yorkists were led by Edward IV against Robert Welles, 8th Baron Willoughby de Eresby, and his men who had sided with Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick (‘The Kingmaker’). Fast victory for the Yorkists. A popular myth is that as they fled, Welles’ men quickly left their coats behind to avoid identification, which gave the battle its name.
Edward IV leaves Burgundy to return to England and win back his throne. He is accompanied by his brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester (later Richard III)
Birth of Ferdinand II of Aragon, the father of Catherine of Aragon.
John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) is issued with letters patent by Henry VII to explore unknown lands.
Investiture of Edward, Earl of March (eldest son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville) as King Edward IV of England. Edward seized the crown on three counts: descent from Edward III through the male line, descent from Edward III through the female line and the nomination of the childless Richard II’s of his Mortimer cousins as his heirs.