Archive for the ‘Events in History’ Category

23
Sep

23 SEPTEMBER 1459

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags:

Battle of Blore Heath, Staffordshire, first major battle of the Wars of the Roses, won by the Yorkist forces under Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, against the Lancastrians under James Touchet, 5th Baron Audley, who fell in the battle.

A short description of the various battles of the Wars of the Roses can be found on the website of the Richard III Society.

22
Sep

22 SEPTEMBER 1515

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis Tags: ,

Birth of Anna von Kleve (Anne of Cleves).  She was the second of the children of Johann (III), duke of Jülich-Kleve (1490–1539), and Maria (1491–1543), heir of Jülich.

She married in 1539 Henry VIII as his fourth wife.  He took a dislike to her and they were divorced 1540.  She survived Henry by 10 years and died on 16 July 1557.

Reference:

Retha M. Warnicke, ‘Anne [Anne of Cleves] (1515–1557)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.  [accessed online 31 Aug. 2015]

22
Sep

22 SEPTEMBER 1481

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis Tags: ,

22 SEPTEMBER 1481

Statue of Edward IV on the gate of Magdalen College, Oxford (D. Preis)

Edward IV visits Oxford University and stays at Magdalen College on the invitation by the college’s founder, William Waynflete, bishop of Winchester.  The king arrived after sunset with a large company, innumerable torches burning before them. They spent the night and much of the next day at the College, where he listened to a brief speech congratulating him on his arrival and petitioning his support.  A statue of Edward on the gate commemorates his visit.

Reference:

Robert C Hairsine, “Oxford University and the Life and Legend of Richard III”, in:  Richard III:  Crown and People, ed. by J Petre, Richard III Society, 1985, pp. 307-332

 

22
Sep

22 SEPTEMBER 1465

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags: ,

Enthronement of George Neville (brother of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, ‘The Kingmaker’) to the Archbishopric of York.  Around that time  Richard, Duke of Gloucester (later Richard III), began his time as page with Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick (‘The Kingmaker), at Middleham.  It is assumed that he stayed with Richard Neville until January 1469.

22
Sep

22 SEPTEMBER 1411

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags:

Birth of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (father of Edward IV and Richard III)

19
Sep

19 SEPTEMBER 1486

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags: ,

Birth of Arthur, Prince of Wales, first son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York (daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville) at Winchester.

15
Sep

15 SEPTEMBER 1500

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags:

Death of John Morton, a politician and cleric, at Knole House, Kent, and was buried at Canterbury Cathedral.

He was born in c. 1420 in Dorset.  He was appointed Bishop of Ely by Edward IV on 8 August 1479.  He was a scheming adversary to Richard III and supporter of Henry Tudor.  After Tudor came to power, he made him Archbishop of Canterbury on 6 October 1486.

Reference:

Christopher Harper-Bill, ‘Morton, John (d. 1500)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.  [accessed online:  30 April 2011]

10
Sep

10 SEPTEMBER 1469

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags:

After having been imprisoned by Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (‘The Kingmaker’), following the Battle of Edgecote, Edward IV is in York making autonomous decisions again.

8
Sep

8 SEPTEMBER 1483

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags: ,

8 SEPTEMBER 1483

York Minster (D. Preis)

Investiture of Richard III’s son Edward as prince of Wales.  After a solemn mass in York Minster, conducted by the Bishop of Durham, William Dudley, the royal family processed through the streets of York to the archbishop’s palace, where Edward was invested.

Reference:

A. J. Pollard, ‘Edward , prince of Wales (1474×6–1484)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.  [accessed online 20 Jan. 2011]

 

7
Sep

Birth of Princess Elizabeth

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags: ,

Birth of Princess Elizabeth

The ‘Rainbow Portrait’ of Elizabeth I, which hangs at Hatfield House

Birth of Princess Elizabeth

Princess Elizabeth, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, was born on 7 September 1533 at Greenwich Palace.  She was named after her grandmother, Elizabeth of York, the eldest daughter of Edward IV.

Elizabeth spent part of her youth at the Old Palace at  Hatfield, Herts., built by Bishop John Morton.  She was residing here when her sister, Queen Mary, died on 17 November 1558.  She ascended the throne as Queen Elizabeth I and  would reign for nearly 45 years until her death on 24 March 1603.

More on Elizabeth I and Hatfield here.