Archive for the ‘Events in History’ Category

18
Nov

18 NOVEMBER 1477

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags:

William Caxton produces Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres, one of the first books printed on a printing press in England.

15
Nov

15 NOVEMBER 1527

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags: , , ,

Death of Katherine of York at Tiverton Castle, Devon.   Katherine was the 9th child and 6th daughter of King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, born in 1479, probably at Eltham Palace. She was married in 1495 to Sir William Courtenay.

Though a staunch supporter of Henry VII, William was suspected of being involved in the conspiracy of the Yorkist claimant Edmund de la Pole.   He was attainted and spent the rest of Henry VII’s reign in prison.  He was released after the accession of Henry VIII in 1509 and was created earl of Devon on 10 May 1511.  However, he had not long to enjoy his new status and died a month later on 9 June 1511.

The couple had three children, including Henry Courtenay who was executed by orders of Henry VIII in 1539

After her husband’s death, Katherine took a vow of chastity and enjoyed a life of luxury and hunting, but also religious devotion.  On surviving documents she called herself ‘the excellent Princess Katherine, Countess of Devon, daughter, sister and aunt of kings’.

She was buried at St Peter’s Church, Tiverton.

Source:  ODNB on ‘Katherine, countess of Devon (1479–1527)’ by Margaret R. Westcott.

(Picture of Katherine of York obtained through Wikimedia Commons)

11
Nov

11 NOVEMBER 1483

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags:

Baptism of Martin Luther in Eisleben, Germany, from which his date of birth, 10 November 1483, is deducted.

He disputed the claim of the (Catholic) church that salvation could be purchased by indulgences, instead salvation is a free gift by God, received by faith in Jesus, who has redeemed our sins.  He explained his view in the 95 thesis, which he nailed on the church door in Eisleben in the evening of 31 October 1517, the evening before All Saints’ Day, when everyone would come to church.   This is often regarded as the starting point of the reformation.  While his original aim was to reform the church, the Pope saw it differently, which ultimately led to the split with the Catholic church.  As Luther was of the opinion that the Bible was the only source for knowledge of God, he translated it into German to make it accessible to everyone.

He died on 15 February 1546.

You can find out more at http://www.luther.de/en/

10
Nov

10 NOVEMBER 1480

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags: , ,

Birth of Bridget of York, tenth child and seventh daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, at Eltham Palace, London.   She became a nun at Dartford Priory.  Died in 1517.

7
Nov

7 NOVEMBER 1485

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags: ,

By this date Katherine Woodville is married to Henry Tudor’s uncle, Jasper Tudor.  Katherine was the sister of Elizabeth Woodville and the widow of Henry Stafford, second duke of Buckingham.

Source: ODNB on Henry Stafford, Henry, second duke of Buckingham

7
Nov

7 NOVEMBER 1469

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags: ,

Richard is made justiciar of north Wales for life by his brother, Edward IV

7
Nov

7 NOVEMBER 1448

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags:

Birth of John Plantagenet – son  of Richard, duke of York, and Cecily Neville.  He died young.

6
Nov

6 NOVEMBER 1429

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags:

Coronation of Henry VI

25
Oct

Act of Accord

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags: , , ,

Act of Accord

Richard, Duke of York (stained glass at St Laurence, Ludlow, © Worcestershire Branch, Richard III Society)

Act of Accord

After unsuccessfully claiming his right to the crown in parliament on 10 October 1460, Richard, duke of York, had to accept the Act of Accord on 25 October 1460, which stipulated that he would be the heir to the throne after King Henry VI’s death, instead of the king’s son, Edward of Lancaster.

His claim was that while on his father’s side he was descended from Edward III’s fourth son, on his mother’s side he was descended from Edward III’s son.  The Lancastrian Kings including Henry VI, however, were descendents of the third son of Edward III.

While the Duke of York’s claim ultimately failed, it was the basis for his son Edward IV to succeed to the crown.

More on the Act of Accord here.

13
Oct

13 OCTOBER 1453

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn Tags: , ,

Birth of Edward of Lancaster, only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou, at Westminster.  He was the Lancastrian Prince of Wales.  He was baptised on 14 October by William Waynflete, Bishop of Winchester.

On 13 December 1470 he was married to Anne Neville, who was 14 at the time, as part of an agreement between his mother, Margaret of Anjou, and Anne’s father, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick (“The Kingmaker”) to return Henry VI to the throne.    Edward fell at the Battle of Tewkesbury on 4 May 1471.

The picture shows the Palace of Westminster, how it supposedly looked in the 16th century.