Posts Tagged ‘House of York’
Birth of Henry Plantagenet at Hatfield
At the time of his birth, his parents had already two daughters, Joan (1438), who had also died in infancy, and Anne (10 August 1439). Their next son, Edward, was born on 28 April 1442. He was to accede the throne as Edward IV on 4 March 1461.
Unfortunately it is not sure whether he was born at Hatfield in Hertfordshire or Hatfield Chase in Yorkshire. Hatfield in Hertfordshire belonged to the Bishops of Ely, which is why it also called Bishops Hatfield. Their manor might have offered suitable accommodation on the way to London. The Great North Road connecting London and York ran through Hatfield.
Hatfield Chase was a royal hunting ground and one of the Duke of York’s family residences.  There are several sources linking Henry to this Hatfield. 
1. Michael K Jones, Bosworth 1485: Psychology of a Battle. Tempus, 2003, p.81
2. For instance: Jones, ibid.
S Whaley, The History and Antiquities of Thorne, with Some Account of the Drainage of Hatfield Chase (1829). p.24
Hatfield Town Council, ‘Parish History‘
For more on the discussion which Hatfield, see here.
You can find a list of the children of Richard, Duke of York, and Cecily Neville here.
Birth of Margaret of York, fifth child and fourth daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, at Winchester Castle. She was named after her aunt, Margaret Dowager Duchess of Burgundy. She died at the age of 8 months on 11 December 1472, buried at Westminster Abbey. Her sarcophagus was originally placed to fit in the steps of the shrine of St. Edward the Confessor but later moved to the edge of the chapel. The step edging around the sides can however still be seen.
Bibliography: “Margaret of York“‘ Wikipedia (accessed 23 March 2010)
‘Love Day’ at St Paul’s. An attempt at reconciliation between the opposing Yorkists and Lancastrians, loyal to Henry VI, to resolve the feud resulting from the 1st Battle of St Albans (22 May 1455). Then, on Lady Day (25 March), the King led a “love day” procession to St. Paul’s Cathedral, with Lancastrian and Yorkist nobles following him, hand in hand, among them Richard, Duke of York, with Queen Margaret of Anjou.
We all know Helen Cox from her fascinating analysis of the Battle of Wakefield.
This new book will be essential reading if you plan to visit the site of this decisive battle in the Wars of the Roses, or are just interested in seeing the historical setting in today’s geography. Both are aspects which interest me, so Walk Wakefield 1460 has top place on my wish list.
This new book covers the campaign of the winter of 1460, from its opening skirmish at Worksop to the grisly aftermath in York, through sites connected with the battle. Each section of the concise illustrated guide features a brief history, directions to the sites (including maps), and up-to-date information on opening times and admission charges for visiting. The sites covered are:
Worksop Priory & Castle
Duke of York’s Monument
The Battlefield at Wakefield Green
St Mary’s Chantry Chapel
Micklegate Bar & York City Walls
The book will be launched at Waterstones Booksellers, The Ridings Shopping Centre, Wakefield, on Saturday 19 March 2011, from 11h00 -13h00. What a pity, this is just before my trip to the UK to attend the Blood and Roses Weekend in Oxford. Should you be in the area though, I am sure Helen would be delighted to see you and sign a copy for you.
You can also get signed copies of both Helen’s books at the Friends of Sandal Castle Open Meeting at Sandal Castle Visitor Centre on Saturday, 26 March, when she will be speaking alongside popular author Keith Souter on ‘Sandal Castle in Fact and Fiction’.
And for all those who cannot be there, we can order this publication from YPD Books.
Watch this space for more news after the launch!
We first heard on the Ricardian grapevine about a new analysis the Battle of Wakefield and a fresh perspective on Richard of York’s final battle on 30 December 1460. The book by Helen Cox is due to be published later this month.
On her website Helen tells us that historians have for a long time tried to reason why the Duke of York would have taken on the much stronger Lancastrian forces in this battle. Some believe that the Duke was reckless and stupid, an ageing commander past his prime who made a bad decision – or that he charged out in blind fury because the enemy had sent heralds to insult him. Others think he made a heroic but futile attempt to rescue some of his foragers who were under attack; or that he didn’t realise how big the Lancastrian army was, because many of their troops were cunningly hidden in nearby woodland, waiting to charge out and ambush him.
Helen says that she has never been convinced by these theories, which aren’t well supported by contemporary reports of the battle. So in The Battle of Wakefield Revisited she has tried to pull together and re-examine all the surviving historical and archaeological evidence relating to the encounter. She promises us a far simpler and more plausible explanation of why the Duke of York rode out to face his enemies that day.
The book will be launched on 31 May 2010 at Mickelgate Bar in York. Helen and her husband Mick will be there in costume to sell and sign copies. What a pity that we won’t be able to join them!
So we contacted Helen, to find out how we would be able to get hold of copies of this fascinating new study. She informed us that the book will be available online from York Publishing Services £12.00 sterling plus p+p (at today’s exchange rate approx. Aus $20 plus p+p).
She also told us that writing the book was a real labour of love for the past 18 months. She is fortunate enough to live only a mile from the Duke of York’s castle at Sandal, so she regularly visits it and often thinks of him and her favourite of his sons. And I’m sure you can all guess who that is!
Keep an eye on Helen’s website for further information and developments.
This year marks the 550th anniversary of the death of Richard Duke of York and his son Edmund Earl of Rutland at the Battle of Wakefield on 30 December 1460. Though they were initially buried at Pontefract, their bodies were later exhumed and brought in with great ceremony to Fotheringhay.
Chief mourner at this procession was the Duke’s youngest son Richard Duke of Gloucester (later Richard III). He rode at the head of his father’s effigy, followed by the lords of the land, including the Earl of Northumberland, Lord Stanley and Lord Welles. They were to stay with the body throughout, attend all the services and masses en route, and have the privilege of standing and kneeling within the barriers of the hearse. The courtege was also accompanied by officers at arms, the kings of arms and many poor men on foot. The procession travelled along the Great North Road (now A1) and rested overnight at Doncaster, Blyth, Tuxford le Clay, Newark, Grantham, Stamford and finally at Fotheringhay. At night sixty men with torches kept guard around the hearse.
This year Wakefield Historical Society will retrace that journey on the anniversary dates of 21st-29th July. Each day will include visits to places of interest and a chance to walk some stretches of the original route. Each evening will include a performance of a medieval Vespers of the Dead, in the church where the body rested if possible, as well as a talk by an invited lecturer.
You can find out more on the fascinating webpage of the Wakefield Historical Society. You can order the book by Anne F Sutton & Livia Visser-Fuchs The Reburial of Richard Duke of York, 21-29 July 1476, which is mentioned on the webpage, from the Richard III Society (go to ‘Publications’, then ‘Books, Monographs and Booklets’, then ‘Books by the Richard III Society’).
The above illustration is a drawing of Fotheringhay Church c. 1850.