Archive for the ‘Events in History’ Category

20
May

BY 20 MAY 1492

   Posted by: Michael Tags:

Death of John de la Pole, duke of Suffolk, only son of William de la Pole and Alice Chaucer.  As a child, John was married Margaret Beaufort, but the marriage contract was dissolved in February 1453 by Henry VI.  In 1458 he married instead Elizabeth, the daughter of Richard, duke of York, and Cecily Neville, a sister of Edward IV and Richard III.  They had 11 children.  They were buried together at Wingfield, Suffolk.

20
May

BETWEEN 20 MAY AND 9 JUNE 1475

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis Tags: ,

Death of Alice Chaucer, duchess of Suffolk. She is buried in St Mary’s Church Ewelme.  Her tomb (pictured left) shows her wearing the Garter insignia on her left forearm.  The tomb is remarkable:   Alice’s effigy rests on an alabaster tomb chest, with a cadaver effigy below.

Alice had been married as a child to Sir John Phelip, who died when she was only 11 years old.  After 1421 she married Thomas Montagu, earl of Salisbury.  After his death in 1438, she married in November 1430 William de la Pole, earl of Suffolk.

Source: ODNB on Alice Chaucer, duchess of Suffolk

More on St Mary’s Church and the foundation of William and Alice de la Pole in Ewelme here.

Photograph of the tomb of Alice Chaucer by the present author.

Dorothea Preis

19
May

19 MAY 1536

   Posted by: Michael Tags:

Execution of Anne Boleyn, just 19 weeks after the death of Henry VIII’s first wife, Katherine of Aragon.

19
May

Richard Duke of York Knighted

   Posted by: Dorothea Preis Tags: , ,

Richard Duke of York Knighted

Nave of St Mary de Castro (© D Preis)

Richard Duke of York Knighted

On Whitsunday, 19 May 1426, Henry VI was knighted in St Mary de Castro, Leicester, by his uncle, John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford.  Then the only four-year-Richard, Duke of York, old Henry knighted 44 others, foremost among them Richard, duke of York (father of Edward IV and Richard III).

 

Source:

William Arthur Shaw, The Knights of England. Vol.1.  Sherratt and Hughes, London, 1906, pp.130-132

Dorothea Preis

18
May

18 MAY 1497

   Posted by: Michael Tags:

Death of Katherine Woodville, sister of Elizabeth Woodville.  She was first married to Henry Stafford, second duke of Buckingham.  Her second husband was Jasper Tudor.  Her marriage to her third husband,  Richard Wingfield, in 1496 was not licenced by the king and her eldest son had to pay her fine after her death.  Wingfield  requested in his will of 1525 masses for Katherine’s soul.  According to the ODNB, Jasper Tudor had not mention her at all in his will, but this is incorrect.

Source: ODNB on Henry Stafford, Henry, second duke of Buckingham

18
May

18 MAY 1471

   Posted by: Michael Tags:

Richard, Duke of Gloucester, named Great Chamberlain and Lord High Admiral of England by his brother Edward IV.

18
May

18 MAY 1152

   Posted by: Michael Tags:

Marriage of Henry II, the first Plantagenet king, and Eleanor of Aquitaine

(Photograph of the tomb of Henry II and Eleanor in Fontevraud Abbey taken by Lainestl; obtained through Wikimedia Commons)

17
May

17 MAY 1443

   Posted by: Michael Tags: ,

Birth of Edmund, Earl of Rutland, in Rouen, Normandy.  Fifth child and second surviving son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville.  He died with his father in the Battle of Wakefield, 30 December 1460.

15
May

15 MAY 1464

   Posted by: Michael Tags:

Battle of Hexham, Northumberland, the end of Lancastrian resistance (under Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset) to Edward IV in the north of England.  The Yorkists were led by John Neville (later 1st Marquess of Montagu) and Somerset was wounded and then executed.  Henry VI fled and was later found wandering helplessly around Lancashire.

10
May

10 MAY 1483

   Posted by: Michael Tags:

Order to Sir Edward Woodville (brother of Elizabeth Woodville) to disband the fleet.  The Marquess of Dorset (Elizabeth Woodville’s son from her 1st marriage) had immediately after Edward IV’s death arranged to appoint Sir Edward Woodville as commander of the fleet.  The king’s treasure was divided between the queen, Dorset and Edward Woodville.  This was possible as the Treasurer of England, Earl Essex, had died just 5 days before Edward IV on 4 April 1483.  Richard now promised a pardon to all involved, and all but two ships returned to England.  Woodville, however, fled with the treasure to Brittany and Henry Tudor.