Posts Tagged ‘Edward IV’
Birth of Cecily of York
Birth of Cecily of York, third daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, at Westminster Palace on 20 March 1469.
Married (1) 1484 to Ralph Scrope of Upsall, union annulled in 1486, after accession of Henry VII.
Married (2) before New Year’s Day 1488 to John Welles, 1st Viscount Welles, half-brother of Henry VII’s mother Margaret Beaufort. They had two daughters, Elizabeth and Anne. Welles died on 9 February 1499.
Married (3) to Sir Thomas Kyme of Friskney (in Lincolnshire) in 1502 without Henry VII’s permission and she was banished from court and all her estates were confiscated, though some were returned later. It is not clear whether they had any children.
Cecily died on 24 August 1507 at Hatfield, Hertfordshire.
ODNB ‘Cecily, Viscountess Welles (1469–1507)’ (accessed online: 11 May 2011)
Susan Higginbotham, ‘The Queen’s Sister: Cecil, Viscountess Welles’, History Refreshed by Susan Higginbotham (1 September 2013). URL: http://www.susanhigginbotham.com/blog/posts/the-queens-sister-cecily-viscountess-welles/ Date accessed: 29 December 2014
Investiture of Edward, Earl of March (eldest son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville) as King Edward IV of England. Edward seized the crown on three counts: descent from Edward III through the male line, descent from Edward III through the female line and the nomination of the childless Richard II’s of his Mortimer cousins as his heirs.
Tags: Edward IV
Birth of Eleanor Talbot, daughter of John Talbot, 1st earl of Shrewsbury, and Margaret Beauchamp at Blakemere, Shropshire. She is said to have entered probably some time after March 1461 into a clandestine marriage with Edward IV, which made his subsequent, also clandestine, marriage to Elizabeth Woodville bigamous.
More on Eleanor:
John Ashdown-Hill, Eleanor – The Secret Queen, The History Press. ISBN 978-0752448664
The Battle of Mortimer’s Cross was fought on 2 February 1461 in Herefordshire, It was an important battle in the Wars of the Roses.
In the Battle of Mortimer’s Cross the Yorkists were led by 18-year-old Edward, Earl of March (later Edward IV). They intercepted a Lancastrian forces led by Owen Tudor and his son Jasper into England. The Lancastrians outnumbered the Yorkists considerably and were better mounted and armed. The Yorkists were encouraged by a parhelion, a meteorological phenomenon in which three suns appear. This is the origin of Edward’s badge ‘The Sun in Splendour’.
Unfortunately the Battle of Mortimer’s Cross is not very well documented. The fighting must have been ferocious in adverse weather conditions in the middle of winter.
After the battle Owen Tudor was captured and executed in Hereford, along with other prisoners of rank.
To find out more:
Mortimer’s Cross, Richard III Foundation.
Battle of Mortimer’s Cross, Battlefields Resource Centre.
Jennifer Young, ‘The Mortimer’s Cross Parhelion: How a Meteorological Phenomenon Changed English History’, Decoded Science (2 October 2011). URL: http://www.decodedscience.com/the-mortimers-cross-parhelion-how-a-meteorological-phenomenon-changed-english-history/3437 [accessed 26 January 2015]
Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York
On 18 January 1486, Henry VII (Tudor) married Elizabeth of York, eldest daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville. It seems Henry needed to be urged by Parliament to make good his promise to marry Elizabeth, before actually doing so. Plans for Elizabeth’s coronation were only made in September 1487 and she was finally crowned on 25 November 1487, more than a year after giving birth to their first son, Arthur.
Elizabeth died on 11 February 1503 at Richmond Palace. Henry died six years later, on 21 April 1509, also at Richmond Palace. They are buried next to each other in Westminster Abbey.
Reference: Rosemary Horrox, ‘Elizabeth (1466–1503)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004. (online accessed: 27 January 2011)
Marriage of Richard of Shrewsbury and Anne Mowbray
On 15 January 1478, Edward IV’s younger son Richard of Shrewsbury was married to Anne Mowbray, the only child of John de Mowbray, 4th Duke of Norfolk (died 17 January 1476) and Elizabeth Talbot (sister of Eleanor Talbot). The wedding took place in St. Stephen’s Chapel, Westminster. The bride was 5 years old, the groom 4. She died on 19 November 1481. Her heirs would normally have been her cousins William, Viscount Berkeley, and John, Lord Howard, but by an act of Parliament in January 1483 the rights were given to her husband Richard, with reversion to his descendants, and, failing that, to the descendants of his father Edward IV.
Death of Anne of York, the seventh child and fifth daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville. She shares her death date with her aunt Margaret, duchess of Burgundy, and – if Perkin Warbeck was indeed Richard of York – her brother.
Anne was born on 2 November 1475. At not quite four years of age, she was betrothed to Philip (“the Handsome”), the son of Mary of Burgundy (her aunt’s step-daughter) and Maximilian of Austria. However, the plan was abandoned in 1482. Richard III undertook to find a suitable marriage for her (and her sisters) and after Richard’s death she took part in ceremonies at Henry VII court, whose queen was her sister Elizabeth.
On 4 February 1495 she married Thomas Howard, who would eventually become the third duke of Norfolk. He was the grandson of John Howard, an important supporter of Richard III. John fell at the battle of Bosworth, fighting for Richard. His son, Thomas (the father of Anne’s Thomas), had also fought for Richard, had been attainted, but managed to be restored to his title. His son’s marriage to a sister-in-law of Henry Tudor was obviously a great achievement in his family’s rehabilitation. Anne and Thomas had no children.
Reference: ODNB on ‘Howard, Thomas, third duke of Norfolk (1473–1554)’
The above picture shows the daughters of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville in a window in Canterbury Cathedral. Anne is the third from left. (picture obtained through Wikimedia Commons)
Death of Katherine of York at Tiverton Castle, Devon. Katherine was the 9th child and 6th daughter of King Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, born in 1479, probably at Eltham Palace. She was married in 1495 to Sir William Courtenay.
Though a staunch supporter of Henry VII, William was suspected of being involved in the conspiracy of the Yorkist claimant Edmund de la Pole. He was attainted and spent the rest of Henry VII’s reign in prison. He was released after the accession of Henry VIII in 1509 and was created earl of Devon on 10 May 1511. However, he had not long to enjoy his new status and died a month later on 9 June 1511.
The couple had three children, including Henry Courtenay who was executed by orders of Henry VIII in 1539
After her husband’s death, Katherine took a vow of chastity and enjoyed a life of luxury and hunting, but also religious devotion. On surviving documents she called herself ‘the excellent Princess Katherine, Countess of Devon, daughter, sister and aunt of kings’.
She was buried at St Peter’s Church, Tiverton.
Source: ODNB on ‘Katherine, countess of Devon (1479–1527)’ by Margaret R. Westcott.
(Picture of Katherine of York obtained through Wikimedia Commons)