Posts Tagged ‘Edward IV’

2
Jul

2 JULY 1460

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn    in Events in History

Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury, his son Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, and Edward Earl of March (son of the Duke of York, later Edward IV) return from Calais, where they had fled after the Battle of Ludford Bridge (12 October 1459) to invade England in June 1460.  On 2 July they are in control of London, except for the Tower.

The illustration on the left shows Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, as depicted in the Rous Roll.

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28
Jun

Coronation of Edward IV

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn    in Events in History

Coronation of Edward IV

Edward IV (stained glass at St Laurence, Ludlow)

Coronation of Edward IV

After winning the Battle of Mortimer’s Cross (2 February 1461), Edward, Earl of March, became King Edward IV on 4 March 1461.  He defended his claim in the Battle of Towton (29 March 1461), which he won decisively.  He then went on a progress of the northern counties and returned to London on 26 June 1461.

On 28 June 1461, Edward IV was crowned in a splendid ceremony in Westminster Abbey by Thomas Bourchier, Archbishop of Canterbury. His younger brothers George and Richard were made Duke of Clarence and Duke of Gloucester respectively.

Edward IV’s coronation is described in detail in Michael D. Miller’s Wars of the Roses.

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22
Jun

22 JUNE 1483

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn    in Events in History

Public statement outside St Paul’s Cathedral that Edward IV had been married to Eleanor Talbot when he married Elizabeth Woodville, declaring the children of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville illegitimate.  This meant that Richard was the next legitimate heir to the throne.  He was offered the crown by the Commons and became King Richard III.

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26
May

26 MAY 1465

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn    in Events in History

Coronation of Elizabeth Woodville, wife of Edward IV.

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23
May

23 MAY 1482

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn    in Events in History

Death of Mary of York, second daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville, at Greenwich Palace, London, buried at St Georges Chapel, Windsor

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28
Apr

28 APRIL 1442

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn    in Events in History

Birth of Edward of York in Rouen, Normandy (later Edward IV).  Second son of Richard, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville. He was the eldest of the four sons who survived to adulthood.

 


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14
Apr

14 APRIL 1471

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn    in Events in History

Battle of Barnet, Hertfordshire, defeat of Warwick and his brother Montagu, who both fell in the battle.  Richard is said to have been in command of the vanguard.

Read more about a possible different location for the battle here.

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11
Apr

11 APRIL 1471

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn    in Events in History

Final deposition of Henry VI in favour of Edward IV

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9
Apr

9 APRIL 1483

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn    in Events in History

Edward IV dies at Westminster, buried at St Georges Chapel, Windsor.  It is assumed that he named his brother Richard, Duke of Gloucester, as Lord Protector of England during his son Edward’s minority.

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29
Mar

Battle of Towton

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn    in Events in History

Battle of Towton

Towton Cross

Battle of Towton – the bloodiest battle ever fought on English soil

The Battle of Towton , regarded as  “the largest and bloodiest battle ever fought on English soil”, was fought in a snow storm on Palm Sunday, 29 March 1461, between the Lancastrian forces of King Henry VI and the Yorkist forces led by Edward, Earl of March.  It has been said that 28,000 men died that day, out of 50,000 to 100,000 soldiers.  The result was a Yorkist victory and Edward became king as Edward IV.

In 1996 a mass grave of fallen soldiers was found at Towton Hall.  Their remains have been studied by the University of Bradford.

Edward IV had planned to build a memorial chapel at Towton, but it was Richard III, who put this plan into action.  The chapel was nearly finished, when he was killed at Bosworth, and the chapel had been lost.  Or so it was thought.  In October 2013 it was revealed that scientists had found strong evidence of remains of the chapel.

In 2010 fragments of hand held guns and lead shot were found at the battle site, the earliest ever to be found.

References:

Helen Cox, ‘Towton: the Battle and the Battlefield Society’, Herstory Writing & Interpretation (4 Sept 2010).  Link “Towton” on URL:  http://helencox-herstorywriting.co.uk/#/articles/4539783477  Date accessed:  19 Oct 2010

T. Sutherland & A. Schmidt,’The Towton Battlefield Archaeological Survey Project:  An Integrated Approach to Battlefield Archaeology’, Landscapes, Vol.4, Issue 2 (October 2003), pp.15-25.  Available from URL:  http://bradscholars.brad.ac.uk:8080/bitstream/handle/10454/818/Towton03-Preprint.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y  Date accessed:  30 December 2014

‘Richard III Towton chapel remains are ‘found’’, BBC News York & North Yorkshire (7 Oct 2013).  URL:  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-york-north-yorkshire-24434795  Date accessed:  8 Oct 2013

A short description of the various battles of the Wars of the Roses can be found on the website of the Richard III Society.

Dorothea Preis

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