20
May

BETWEEN 20 MAY AND 9 JUNE 1475

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn   in Events in History

Death of Alice Chaucer, duchess of Suffolk. She is buried in St Mary’s Church Ewelme.  Her tomb (pictured left) shows her wearing the Garter insignia on her left forearm.  The tomb is remarkable:   Alice’s effigy rests on an alabaster tomb chest, with a cadaver effigy below.

Alice had been married as a child to Sir John Phelip, who died when she was only 11 years old.  After 1421 she married Thomas Montagu, earl of Salisbury.  After his death in 1438, she married in November 1430 William de la Pole, earl of Suffolk.

Source: ODNB on Alice Chaucer, duchess of Suffolk

Photograph of the tomb of Alice Chaucer by the present author.

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19
May

19 MAY 1536

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn   in Events in History

Execution of Anne Boleyn, just 19 weeks after the death of Henry VIII’s first wife, Katherine of Aragon.

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18
May

18 MAY 1471

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn   in Events in History

Richard, Duke of Gloucester, named Great Chamberlain and Lord High Admiral of England by his brother Edward IV.

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18
May

18 MAY 1152

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn   in Events in History

Marriage of Henry II, the first Plantagenet king, and Eleanor of Aquitaine

(Photograph of the tomb of Henry II and Eleanor in Fontevraud Abbey taken by Lainestl; obtained through Wikimedia Commons)

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28
Apr

28 APRIL 1442

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn   in Events in History

Birth of Edward of York in Rouen, Normandy (later Edward IV).  Second son of Richard, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville. He was the eldest of the four sons who survived to adulthood.

 


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26
Apr

26 APRIL 1564

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn   in Events in History

Baptism of William Shakespeare at Holy Trinity Church in Stratford on Avon.  He was the third child of John Shakespeare and his wife Mary Arden.  His exact birthday is not known, probably either 21, 22 or 23 April.  In the 18th century the story became wide-spread that he was born on 23 April, but there is no contemporary evidence supporting this assumption.

William became later the famous playwright, who to a certain extent is responsible for the bad reputation Richard III “enjoys” to this day.  We must never forget that he wrote a play for the theatre that had to be riveting enough to get ‘bums on seats’, his intention was not to write a historian’s essay.  By all accounts, Richard III is not the only one who suffered this fate – Macbeth was apparently also a perfectly good man.

More information: Peter Holland, ‘Shakespeare, William (1564–1616)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2011.

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25
Apr

25 APRIL 1464

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn   in Events in History

Battle of Hedgeley Moor, Northumberland.  The Yorkist forces were led by John Neville, 1st Marquess of Montagu (brother of Richard Neville ‘The Kingmaker’), the Lancastrians by the Duke of Somerset, supported by Sir Ralph Percy, Lords Roos and Hungerford, and Sir Ralph Grey.  The Lancastrian force soon gave way and fled, except for Sir Ralph Percy, who died in the battle.

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23
Apr

23 APRIL 1445

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn   in Events in History

Wedding of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou

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22
Apr

22 APRIL 1451

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn   in Events in History

Birth of Queen Isabella I of Castile, the mother of Katherine of Aragon, Henry VIII’s first wife.

Isabella married on 19 October 1469 Ferdinand of Aragon. During Isabella’s reign the last Moorish kingdom in Spain, Granada, fell on 2 January 1492, ending centuries of peaceful religious co-existence between Muslims, Christians and Jews.  In the same year, on 12 October 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered America.

Isabella died on 26 November 1504.

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22
Apr

22 APRIL 1444

   Posted by: Lawrence Osborn   in Events in History

Birth of Elizabeth of York, sixth child and third daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville, in Rouen, Normandy.  Married before February 1458 to John de la Pole, eldest son of William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, and Alice Chaucer.  Her eldest son John de la Pole, 1st Earl of Lincoln, was considered heir to the throne of Richard III after the death of Edward of Middleham.

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