Posts Tagged ‘Henry VI’
Tags: Henry VI
Act of Accord
After unsuccessfully claiming his right to the crown in parliament on 10 October 1460, Richard, duke of York, had to accept the Act of Accord on 25 October 1460, which stipulated that he would be the heir to the throne after King Henry VI’s death, instead of the king’s son, Edward of Lancaster.
His claim was that while on his father’s side he was descended from Edward III’s fourth son, on his mother’s side he was descended from Edward III’s son. The Lancastrian Kings including Henry VI, however, were descendents of the third son of Edward III.
While the Duke of York’s claim ultimately failed, it was the basis for his son Edward IV to succeed to the crown.
More on the Act of Accord here.
Birth of Edward of Lancaster, only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou, at Westminster. He was the Lancastrian Prince of Wales. He was baptised on 14 October by William Waynflete, Bishop of Winchester.
On 13 December 1470 he was married to Anne Neville, who was 14 at the time, as part of an agreement between his mother, Margaret of Anjou, and Anne’s father, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick (“The Kingmaker”) to return Henry VI to the throne. Edward fell at the Battle of Tewkesbury on 4 May 1471.
The picture shows the Palace of Westminster, how it supposedly looked in the 16th century.
Battle of Ludford Bridge/Ludlow, Shropshire, won by the Lancastrians.
Warwick’s re-inforcements from the garrison of Calais under Andrew Trollope defected to the Lancastrians. The Yorkist leaders fled, York and Rutland to Ireland, and Edward, Earl of March (York’s eldest son), Richard Neville, Earl of Salisbury, and his son Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, to Calais. After the battle Cecily, Duchess of York, and her three youngest children George, Margaret and Richard, were taken prisoner by the Lancastrians and placed into the care of Cecily’s older sister Anne, Duchess of Buckingham.
A short description of the various battles of the Wars of the Roses can be found on the website of the Richard III Society.
At a meeting of Parliament Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claims his right to the English crown. A compromise is reached and sworn on in an Act of Accord, according to which the Duke of York is the heir to the throne instead of Henry VI’s son Edward.